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Why The U.S. Is Running Out Of Mining Workers | CNBC

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Unearthing Challenges: The Future of the US Mining Industry

The mining industry, a cornerstone of economic development, is at a crossroads in the United States. As we delve into the intricacies of this vital sector, it becomes evident that the looming workforce crisis and other challenges pose significant hurdles to its sustainable growth.

Workforce Crisis: Navigating Retirement and Candidate Shortages

Retirement Crisis

The mining workforce, a crucial engine driving the industry’s operations, faces a daunting challenge – a retirement crisis. More than half of the mining workforce, approximately 220,000 workers, is set to retire by 2029. The imminent departure of seasoned professionals raises concerns about knowledge transfer and operational continuity.

Candidate Shortage

Compounding the retirement crisis is a diminishing pool of candidates willing to step into the shoes of the departing workforce. This scarcity amplifies the urgency to attract and train new talent to fill the impending void.

Global Demand for Minerals

The demand for rare earth minerals, including lithium, cobalt, and copper, is skyrocketing due to their pivotal role in manufacturing electric vehicles (EVs) and smartphones. This surge in demand necessitates the creation of at least 384 new mines globally by 2035 to satiate the hunger for these essential components.

Industry Impact: A Ripple Effect on Supply Chains and Profitability

Supply Chain Shock

The dearth of skilled workers is reverberating across the mining landscape, leading to the shutdown of mining operations. These closures send shockwaves through the North American supply chain, disrupting the flow of critical minerals and impacting various industries dependent on them.

Profitability Concerns

Mining CEOs are sounding the alarm, with nearly two-thirds expressing concerns about the substantial impact on profitability in the coming decade. The industry’s ability to thrive economically is intricately tied to overcoming the looming talent deficit.

International Impact

The mining industry’s challenges are not confined to the US borders. Australia, a mining industry powerhouse, is grappling with a doubling of job vacancies since 2020, underlining the global nature of the workforce crisis.

Workforce Dynamics: Balancing Age, Skills, and Contributions

Aging Workforce

The average age of a miner in the US is 46.5 years, significantly older than the average worker. This aging demographic accentuates the urgency to attract younger professionals to ensure a vibrant and sustainable future for the industry.

Diverse Skill Set Needed

The mining industry isn’t just about pickaxes and shovels. It requires a diverse skill set, including financial experts, lawyers, engineers, welders, fitters, and operators. Embracing this diversity is crucial for addressing the multifaceted challenges the industry faces.

Economic Contribution

Despite the challenges, the mining industry remains a significant contributor to the US economy. With over 12,500 active mines generating $82 billion in 2020, it plays a pivotal role in the nation’s economic landscape.

Industry Image and Perception: Bridging the Gap

Industry Perception

The mining industry grapples with an outdated and unsafe image. Work-related fatalities in 2022 and a diminishing number of mining engineering students contribute to the negative perception, making it essential to bridge the gap between reality and public perception.

Lack of Interest

A staggering 70% of respondents aged 15 to 30 express reluctance to work in the mining industry. Overcoming this lack of interest requires a concerted effort to showcase the industry’s technological sophistication and its role as a professional, cutting-edge field.

Challenges in Education

The decline in the number of mining engineering students in the US, dropping from 1,500 in 2015 to 600 in 2022, points to the need for a comprehensive strategy to rekindle interest in mining-related education.

Diversity and Workplace Issues: Paving the Way for Inclusivity

Lack of Diversity

Globally, only about 14% of mining jobs are held by women, highlighting a lack of diversity within the industry. Initiatives to attract and retain a more diverse workforce are essential for fostering innovation and sustainable growth.

Workplace Misconduct

Allegations of workplace misconduct, including bullying and sexual harassment, tarnish the industry’s image. Companies claim commitment to reforming workplace culture, emphasizing the need for tangible change to attract and retain top talent.

Industry Reforms

Reforming workplace culture is a shared responsibility, and companies are taking steps to address workplace misconduct and promote inclusivity. However, a long road lies ahead in achieving true diversity.

Industry Initiatives: Legislations, Investments, and Automation


In response to the workforce crisis, the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee passed the Mining Schools Act of 2023. This legislation aims to allocate $10 million annually for eight years to colleges and universities, fostering the training of the next generation of mining engineers.

Corporate Initiatives

Mining companies are proactively investing in research programs and sponsoring STEM education. These initiatives not only attract new talent but also contribute to the industry’s technological advancements.


The exploration of automated vehicles and machines offers a potential solution to the labor shortage. Embracing automation could modernize the industry, making it more appealing to a new generation of workers.

Future Challenges: Navigating Shortages, Dependency, and Infrastructure Needs

Labor Shortage

The looming labor shortage poses a significant challenge, hindering the production of critical minerals crucial for clean energy technologies. Finding innovative solutions to attract and retain skilled workers is paramount.

Import Dependency

In 2022, the US imported over half of its mineral consumption, emphasizing the urgency of developing a robust domestic mining industry. Reduced dependency on imports is critical for national security and economic resilience.

Infrastructure Necessity

Mining plays a pivotal role in building the essential infrastructure needed for global advancement, energy transition, and decarbonization. Recognizing the industry’s contribution is essential for fostering support and investment in its growth.

In conclusion, the challenges faced by the US mining industry are multifaceted, requiring a concerted effort from industry stakeholders, policymakers, and the public. Embracing innovation, fostering inclusivity, and investing in education are crucial steps towards ensuring a sustainable and prosperous future for this indispensable sector.

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