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How the UN is Holding Back the Sahara Desert | Andrew Millison

Entrepreneurship refers to the process of starting and running a new business, typically driven by a visionary individual or team identifying opportunities and risks. It often involves innovation, either in the form of new products, services, or ways of doing business. Businesses, on the other hand, are organized entities aimed at selling goods or services to make a profit. They can range from small startups to multinational corporations. Both entrepreneurship and business require strategic thinking, resource management, and a clear understanding of market dynamics. While every entrepreneur starts a business, not every business is entrepreneurial in nature; some prioritize stability over innovation.

Restoring Life: The Great Green Wall Initiative in Senegal

The endeavors to rejuvenate barren land in Senegal, Africa, as part of the Great Green Wall initiative. This ambitious project seeks to counter desertification by planting trees to form a natural barrier between the encroaching Sahara Desert and the vulnerable Sahel region.

Location and Context:

Situated along the Sagal River, a border between Senegal and Mauritania, the project site holds critical significance. The Sagal River delineates the transition from the Sahel to the Sahara Desert, making it a pivotal point in the battle against desertification. Darar, the westernmost city of Africa, serves as a hub for discussions and initiatives concerning the Great Green Wall.

Participants and Organizations:

At the forefront of this initiative is the World Food Program (WFP), collaborating closely with local communities and stakeholders. The narrator, accompanied by their spouse, engages with WFP officials and community members to grasp the multifaceted impact of the project.

Land Rehabilitation Techniques:

Employing a participatory approach, local communities are actively involved in planning and executing land recovery strategies. Innovative techniques like creating half-moons to retain water, soil buildup, and planting lines for diverse crops are implemented. Indigenous knowledge, such as the utilization of half-moon technology, is revived to restore degraded landscapes.

Agricultural Practices:

Agricultural revitalization hinges on cultivating local species like sorghum and millet, which not only reclaim the land but also sustain communities. Conservation agriculture practices, including agroforestry and coppice farming, emulate natural forest dynamics, enhancing soil fertility and resilience.

Social and Economic Impact:

Beyond ecological benefits, the initiative aims to stem rural-to-urban migration by offering year-round agricultural opportunities. Encouraging young individuals to remain in villages through engagement in vegetable production fosters social cohesion and community development. The project’s holistic approach addresses socio-economic challenges while promoting environmental stewardship.

Environmental Conservation:

Beyond land restoration, the project contributes to environmental conservation by replenishing groundwater tables and mitigating soil erosion. By establishing a green barrier of trees, it endeavors to halt the southward progression of the Sahara Desert, safeguarding vulnerable ecosystems.


The efforts in Senegal epitomize practical solutions to combat desertification and advance sustainable development in Africa. Serving as a frontline initiative for the Great Green Wall, the project underscores the transformative potential of collaborative action in addressing global environmental challenges.


In conclusion, the World Food Program’s initiatives in Senegal exemplify the power of collective action in restoring degraded landscapes and fostering sustainable livelihoods. By marrying traditional wisdom with modern techniques, the Great Green Wall initiative offers a beacon of hope in the fight against desertification, signaling a path towards a greener, more resilient future for Africa and beyond.

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